Hypothesis without big-bang is analyzing Dark-matter, Dark-energy and reveals the way it occurs and how expansion is happening. Gravity–field is a Rest field, composed of two opposite signed elements (+s²), (-s²) consisting the minimum energy Quanta Spinning Space dipole, and jointed by the Gravity-force, which is the Maxwell`s - Gravity`s Displacement current and acting on any other moving or not particle. Because Dark-matter (±cs²), moves with constant light velocity, c, and is composed of two opposite signed elements (+cs²), (-cs²) and Dark-energy as Thrust moves with light velocity , so is continually effecting on the two fragments separately and on their dipole , the Dark-matter dipole is jointed by Gravity–force , formulating Heap Mixture , of the spherical opposite signed elements highlighting , and the dipole massive , heavy, invisible Dark matter, consisting dipole energy blobby volumes as Dark Fringes , and repel . The definitions for Quanta of Space and Energy have been elucidated. DM and DE move with light velocity so dilation and expansion have a parallel motion. Expansion occurs on the DM-DE Heap Mixture, by rolling on Gravity-field, with the maximum constant velocity, c, formulating, Zero → Discrete → Infinite Geometrical Universe. Philosophy was the first instrument of understanding world, which was evolute to geometry, math and physics. Euclid’s elements consist a small set of intuitively appealing axioms, proving many other propositions. Projective, Hyperbolic and Elliptic geometry is proved to be an Extrema in Euclidean geometry where on them Einstein's theory GR [A theory which has not elucidated the base of its Physical-content and adopted the wrong base of Non-Euclid geometries] is implicated and calls a circle segment as line and the spherical disk as plane in physical space. In Space-Energy geometry agrees with the Physical reality , on unit which is The Electromagnetic field of the Quantized on AB Energy Space Vector, on the contrary to General relativity of Space-time which is based on the rays of the non-Euclidean geometries to the limited velocity of light and Planck`s cavity . Euclidean geometry elucidated the definitions of geometry-content, and describes the Space-Energy beyond Plank´s length level [Gravity Length 3,969.10 ̄ 62 m], reaching Point = = m = 0 m, which is nothing and zero space. Quantization of Energy is done in Space-tanks, on material points, tiny volumes and on points consisting the Equilibrium Opposite Twin of Space Anti-space.
Published in |
American Journal of Physics and Applications (Volume 3, Issue 6-1)
This article belongs to the Special Issue Physics Quantum |
DOI | 10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12 |
Page(s) | 6-32 |
Creative Commons |
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited. |
Copyright |
Copyright © The Author(s), 2016. Published by Science Publishing Group |
Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Expanding Universe
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APA Style
Markos Georgallides. (2016). The Expanding Universe Without Big-Bang. American Journal of Physics and Applications, 3(6-1), 6-32. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12
ACS Style
Markos Georgallides. The Expanding Universe Without Big-Bang. Am. J. Phys. Appl. 2016, 3(6-1), 6-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12
AMA Style
Markos Georgallides. The Expanding Universe Without Big-Bang. Am J Phys Appl. 2016;3(6-1):6-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12
@article{10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12, author = {Markos Georgallides}, title = {The Expanding Universe Without Big-Bang}, journal = {American Journal of Physics and Applications}, volume = {3}, number = {6-1}, pages = {6-32}, doi = {10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12}, url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12}, eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12}, abstract = {Hypothesis without big-bang is analyzing Dark-matter, Dark-energy and reveals the way it occurs and how expansion is happening. Gravity–field is a Rest field, composed of two opposite signed elements (+s²), (-s²) consisting the minimum energy Quanta Spinning Space dipole, and jointed by the Gravity-force, which is the Maxwell`s - Gravity`s Displacement current and acting on any other moving or not particle. Because Dark-matter (±cs²), moves with constant light velocity, c, and is composed of two opposite signed elements (+cs²), (-cs²) and Dark-energy as Thrust moves with light velocity , so is continually effecting on the two fragments separately and on their dipole , the Dark-matter dipole is jointed by Gravity–force , formulating Heap Mixture , of the spherical opposite signed elements highlighting , and the dipole massive , heavy, invisible Dark matter, consisting dipole energy blobby volumes as Dark Fringes , and repel . The definitions for Quanta of Space and Energy have been elucidated. DM and DE move with light velocity so dilation and expansion have a parallel motion. Expansion occurs on the DM-DE Heap Mixture, by rolling on Gravity-field, with the maximum constant velocity, c, formulating, Zero → Discrete → Infinite Geometrical Universe. Philosophy was the first instrument of understanding world, which was evolute to geometry, math and physics. Euclid’s elements consist a small set of intuitively appealing axioms, proving many other propositions. Projective, Hyperbolic and Elliptic geometry is proved to be an Extrema in Euclidean geometry where on them Einstein's theory GR [A theory which has not elucidated the base of its Physical-content and adopted the wrong base of Non-Euclid geometries] is implicated and calls a circle segment as line and the spherical disk as plane in physical space. In Space-Energy geometry agrees with the Physical reality , on unit which is The Electromagnetic field of the Quantized on AB Energy Space Vector, on the contrary to General relativity of Space-time which is based on the rays of the non-Euclidean geometries to the limited velocity of light and Planck`s cavity . Euclidean geometry elucidated the definitions of geometry-content, and describes the Space-Energy beyond Plank´s length level [Gravity Length 3,969.10 ̄ 62 m], reaching Point = = m = 0 m, which is nothing and zero space. Quantization of Energy is done in Space-tanks, on material points, tiny volumes and on points consisting the Equilibrium Opposite Twin of Space Anti-space.}, year = {2016} }
TY - JOUR T1 - The Expanding Universe Without Big-Bang AU - Markos Georgallides Y1 - 2016/06/21 PY - 2016 N1 - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12 DO - 10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12 T2 - American Journal of Physics and Applications JF - American Journal of Physics and Applications JO - American Journal of Physics and Applications SP - 6 EP - 32 PB - Science Publishing Group SN - 2330-4308 UR - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpa.s.2015030601.12 AB - Hypothesis without big-bang is analyzing Dark-matter, Dark-energy and reveals the way it occurs and how expansion is happening. Gravity–field is a Rest field, composed of two opposite signed elements (+s²), (-s²) consisting the minimum energy Quanta Spinning Space dipole, and jointed by the Gravity-force, which is the Maxwell`s - Gravity`s Displacement current and acting on any other moving or not particle. Because Dark-matter (±cs²), moves with constant light velocity, c, and is composed of two opposite signed elements (+cs²), (-cs²) and Dark-energy as Thrust moves with light velocity , so is continually effecting on the two fragments separately and on their dipole , the Dark-matter dipole is jointed by Gravity–force , formulating Heap Mixture , of the spherical opposite signed elements highlighting , and the dipole massive , heavy, invisible Dark matter, consisting dipole energy blobby volumes as Dark Fringes , and repel . The definitions for Quanta of Space and Energy have been elucidated. DM and DE move with light velocity so dilation and expansion have a parallel motion. Expansion occurs on the DM-DE Heap Mixture, by rolling on Gravity-field, with the maximum constant velocity, c, formulating, Zero → Discrete → Infinite Geometrical Universe. Philosophy was the first instrument of understanding world, which was evolute to geometry, math and physics. Euclid’s elements consist a small set of intuitively appealing axioms, proving many other propositions. Projective, Hyperbolic and Elliptic geometry is proved to be an Extrema in Euclidean geometry where on them Einstein's theory GR [A theory which has not elucidated the base of its Physical-content and adopted the wrong base of Non-Euclid geometries] is implicated and calls a circle segment as line and the spherical disk as plane in physical space. In Space-Energy geometry agrees with the Physical reality , on unit which is The Electromagnetic field of the Quantized on AB Energy Space Vector, on the contrary to General relativity of Space-time which is based on the rays of the non-Euclidean geometries to the limited velocity of light and Planck`s cavity . Euclidean geometry elucidated the definitions of geometry-content, and describes the Space-Energy beyond Plank´s length level [Gravity Length 3,969.10 ̄ 62 m], reaching Point = = m = 0 m, which is nothing and zero space. Quantization of Energy is done in Space-tanks, on material points, tiny volumes and on points consisting the Equilibrium Opposite Twin of Space Anti-space. VL - 3 IS - 6-1 ER -